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Scrum Phases and Processes

Scrum processes address the specific activities and flow of a Scrum project. In total there are 19 processes in SBOK® Guide which are grouped into following five phases:

  1. Initiate - This phase includes the processes related to initiation of a project: Create Project Vision, Identify Scrum Master and Stakeholder(s), Form Scrum Team, Develop Epic(s), Create Prioritized Product Backlog, and Conduct Release Planning. More

  2. Plan and Estimate -This phase consists of processes related to planning and estimating tasks, which include Create User Stories, Approve, Estimate, and Commit User Stories, Create Tasks, Estimate Tasks, and Create Sprint Backlog. More

  3. Implement - This phase is related to the execution of the tasks and activities to create a project's product. These activities include creating the various deliverables, conducting Daily Standup Meetings, and grooming (i.e., reviewing, fine-tuning, and regularly updating) the Product Backlog at regular intervals. More

  4. Review and Retrospect - This phase is concerned with reviewing the deliverables and the work that has been done and determining ways to improve the practices and methods used to do project work. More

  5. Release - This phase emphasizes on delivering the Accepted Deliverables to the customer and identifying, documenting, and internalizing the lessons learned during the project. More

These phases describe each process in detail including the associated inputs, tools, and outputs of each. Following is the complete list of 19 Scrum processes, as described in SBOK® Guide.

Phase Processes
  1. Create Project Vision
  2. Identify Scrum Master and Stakeholder(s)
  3. Form Scrum Team
  4. Develop Epic(s)
  5. Create Prioritized Product Backlog
  6. Conduct Release Planning
Plan and Estimate 7. Create User Stories
8. Approve, Estimate, and Commit User Stories
9. Create Tasks
10. Estimate Tasks
11. Create Sprint Backlog
Implement 12. Create Deliverables
13. Conduct Daily Standup
14. Groom Prioritized Product Backlog
Review and Retrospect 15. Convene Scrum of Scrums
16. Demonstrate and Validate Sprint
17. Retrospect Sprint
Release 18. Ship Deliverables
19. Retrospect Project